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大学英语四级考试考前必须解决的三件事

西北大学现代学院英语专业教研组 李斌

  当今社会,找工作,需要大学英语四级证书;考公务员,需要大学英语四级证书。同时,对于考硕士研究生的同学,通过大学英语四级对参加硕士研究生入学考试也是很有帮助的。

  现在,距离2011年12月的四级还有一个月的时间。相信每一位报了名的同学,都想在这次通过并取得高分。

  只要解决了下面三件事,你的四级必取得一个比较理想的成绩。

  第一件事情,英语基础。这个包括三个部分:

  1,初高中阶段的单词﹑短语﹑习惯用语和语法;

  2,大学英语阶段的单词﹑短语﹑习惯用语(这些在新视野大学英语读写教程中可以找到)和语法(详见附录1);

  3,将新视野大学英语读写教程和综合训练中的练习认真过一遍。

  第二件事情,掌握每道题型的考试技巧和答题策略。这部分可以在学校发给每位同学的《大学英语四级应试技能(710分)题型介绍与解题技巧》中可以找到。

  第三件事情,要相信自己。坚信通过自己的努力,可以在这次通过四级并取得理想的分数。

   

  附录1

  新视野大学英语综合训练中语法和词汇详解汇总

  Grammar Points

  1. Special Adjective Points A-1-2

  2. Special Adverb Points A-2-16

  3. Special V-ing Points (I) A-3-30

  4. Special V-ing Points (II) A-4-44

  5. Special V-ed Participle Points A-5-58

  6. Special Infinitive and V-ing Points A-6-72

  7. Special Verb Points A-7-86

  8. Special Auxiliary Points A-8-100

  9. Special Preposition Points (1) A-9-116

  10. Special Preposition Points (II) A-10-133

   

  11. Special Conjunctive Points (1) B-1-3

  12. Special Conjunctive Points (II) B-2-19

  13. Special Noun Points B-3-35

  14. Special Pronoun Points B-4-50

  15. Special Article Points B-5-66

  16. Special Points of Comparative Construction B-6-84

  17. Special “IT” Points B-7-100

  18. Special “HAVE” Points B-8-118

  19. Special “BUT” Points B-9-134

  20. Special “WOULD” Points B-10-152

  21. Cleft Sentences C-1-5

  22. Conditional Sentences C-2-25

  23. Ellipses C-3-45

  24. Imperative Sentences C-4-65

  25. Inversion C-5-85

  26. Exclamations C-6-105

  27. Substitutions C-7-125

  28. Negatives C-8-145

  29. Tag Questions C-9-165

  30. Subject-Verb Agreement C-10-185

   

  31. 一般现在时表示过去或将来的时间概念 C-1-5

  32. 一般过去时表示过去或将来的时间概念 C-2-27

  33. 将来时态的几种特殊的表达方式 C-3-47

  34. 进行时态的几个特殊用法 C-4-67

  35. 意义被动句和假拟被动句 C-5-87

  36. 间接引语变为直接引语后的几种特殊用法 C-6-107

  37. 定语从句的几种特殊用法 C-7-127

  38. 状语从句 C-8-147

  39. if 或 whether 引导名词性从句的用法 C-9-167

  40. 虚拟现在时在名词性从句中的用法 C-10-189

   

  Phrasal Verbs

  1. drop off; drop out; pass away; pass on; pass out, break away; break down; break out; break through; break up C-1-3

  2. hold back; back up; back off; back away, cut in; cut off; cut out; bear up; bear with C-2-23

  3. act on; act out; hand in; hand on; hand out, bring back; bring forward; bring about; bring out; bring up C-3-43

  4. burn down; burn out; hold on; hold out; hold up, call for; call in; call off; call on; call up C-4-63

  5. carry off; carry on; carry out; carry over; carry through, build in; build on / upon; build up; clean out; clean up C-5-83

  6. catch on; catch out; catch up with; knock out; knock over C-6-103

  7. give away; give in; give off; give out; give up, add to; add up to; come about; come across; come along C-7-123

  8. come off; come round; come through; come to; come up, drop off; drop out; fall back on; fall behind; fall off C-8-143

  9. tell apart; tell of; tell off; try out; try on; try for, keep down; keep off; keep on; keep to; keep up with C-9-163

  10. go after; go off; go over; go round; go through, get across; get along; get in; get over; get through C-10-183;184

   

  11. lay off; lay out; stand by; stand for; stand out, pull apart; pull through; sit on; sit by; sit around D-1-3

  12. play at; play back; play down; play off; play on, throw away; throw in; throw off; throw light on sth; throw up D-2-25

  13. live on; live up to; live through; pay off; pay up, look forward to; look into; look on; look over; look to D-3-45

  14. take after; take apart; take in; take off; take up, tear at; tear down; tear into; tear up; tear away D-4-65

  15. see off; see to; see through; talk down to; talk over, turn down; turn in; turn over; turn up D-5-85

  16. set apart; set aside; set forth; set in; set off, knock down; knock off; knock out; let down; let out D-6-105

  17. hold back; hold down; make out; make up; make up for, settle down; settle for; work for; work on; work out D-7-125

  18. put aside; put away; put off; put forward; put in, stay on; stay up; think of; think over; think through D-8-145

  19. put out; put through; put up with; show off; show up, count in; count out; run after; run down; run into D-9-165

  20. check in; check out; draw in; draw on; draw up, pick on; pick on; send away; send for; send out D-10-187

   

   

  Confused words

  1. respectable; respectful, comparable; comparative, considerate; considerable C-1-4;5

  2. alike; likely, moderate; temperate, mood; temper C-2-24;25

  3. admission; permission, competent; capable, preliminary; introductory C-3-44;45

  4. fame; reputation, origin; source, assemble; gather C-4-64;65

  5. slide; slip, association; union, injure; harm C-5-84;85

  6. primitive; primary, living; alive, sensible; sensitive C-6-104;105

  7. rival; compete, assure; ensure, amid; among C-7-124;125

  8. prohibit; forbid, infinite; boundless, classify; assort C-8-144;145

  9. enforce; reinforce, dispute; debate, immigrate; emigrate C-9-164;165

  10. favorite; favorable, arouse; awake, literary; literate C-10-184;185

   

  11. vanish; futile, imaginary; imaginative, abuse; misuse D-1-4;5

  12. accuse; charge, satisfactory; satisfied, worry; annoy D-2-26;27

  13. indignity; insult, aggressive; assertive, skim; scan D-3-46;47

  14. apt; likely, ashamed; shameful, apprehend; comprehend D-4-66;67

  15. amuse; entertain, habit; custom, historical; historic D-5-86;87

  16. appreciable; appreciative, affect; effect, rise; arise D-6-106

  17. corporation; cooperation, adapt; adopt, award; reward D-7-126

  18. crush; crash, conscious; cautious, emerge; loom D-8-146

  19. effective; efficient, contend; content, vacation; vocation D-9-166

  20. injure; wound, issue; problem, interfere; interrupt D-10-188

   

  注释:A表示第一册;B表示第二册;C表示第三册;D表示第四册。

  数字1到10表示每册的1至10单元。

  最后面的是页码。

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